Changes between Version 3 and Version 4 of TracLinks


Ignore:
Timestamp:
Jan 21, 2013, 6:45:25 PM (9 years ago)
Author:
trac
Comment:

--

Legend:

Unmodified
Added
Removed
Modified
  • TracLinks

    v3 v4  
    1717and any other text fields explicitly marked as supporting WikiFormatting.
    1818
    19 Some examples:
    20  * Tickets: '''!#1''' or '''!ticket:1'''
    21  * Ticket comments: '''!comment:1:ticket:2'''
    22  * Reports: '''!{1}''' or '''!report:1'''
    23  * Changesets: '''!r1''', '''![1]''', '''!changeset:1''' or (restricted) '''![1/trunk]''', '''!changeset:1/trunk'''
    24  * Revision log: '''!r1:3''', '''![1:3]''' or '''!log:@1:3''', '''!log:trunk@1:3''', '''![2:5/trunk]'''
    25  * Diffs (requires [trac:milestone:0.10 0.10]): '''!diff:@1:3''', '''!diff:tags/trac-0.9.2/wiki-default//tags/trac-0.9.3/wiki-default''' or '''!diff:trunk/trac@3538//sandbox/vc-refactoring@3539'''
    26  * Wiki pages: '''!CamelCase''' or '''!wiki:CamelCase'''
    27  * Parent page: '''![..]'''
    28  * Milestones: '''!milestone:1.0'''
    29  * Attachment: '''!attachment:example.tgz''' (for current page attachment), '''!attachment:attachment.1073.diff:ticket:944''' (absolute path)
    30  * Files: '''!source:trunk/COPYING'''
    31  * A specific file revision: '''!source:/trunk/COPYING@200'''
    32  * A particular line of a specific file revision: '''!source:/trunk/COPYING@200#L25'''
    33 Display:
    34  * Tickets: #1 or ticket:1
    35  * Ticket comments: comment:1:ticket:2
    36  * Reports: {1} or report:1
    37  * Changesets: r1, [1], changeset:1 or (restricted) [1/trunk], changeset:1/trunk
    38  * Revision log: r1:3, [1:3] or log:@1:3, log:trunk@1:3, [2:5/trunk]
    39  * Diffs (requires [milestone:0.10 0.10]): diff:@1:3, diff:tags/trac-0.9.2/wiki-default//tags/trac-0.9.3/wiki-default or diff:trunk/trac@3538//sandbox/vc-refactoring@3539
    40  * Wiki pages: CamelCase or wiki:CamelCase
    41  * Parent page: [..]
    42  * Milestones: milestone:1.0
    43  * Attachment: attachment:example.tgz (for current page attachment), attachment:attachment.1073.diff:ticket:944 (absolute path)
    44  * Files: source:trunk/COPYING
    45  * A specific file revision: source:/trunk/COPYING@200
    46  * A particular line of a specific file revision: source:/trunk/COPYING@200#L25
     19== Overview ==
     20
     21||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     22{{{#!td
     23 Wiki pages :: `CamelCase` or `wiki:CamelCase`
     24 Parent page :: `[..]`
     25 Tickets :: `#1` or `ticket:1`
     26 Ticket comments :: `comment:1:ticket:2`
     27 Reports :: `{1}` or `report:1`
     28 Milestones :: `milestone:1.0`
     29 Attachment :: `attachment:example.tgz` (for current page attachment), `attachment:attachment.1073.diff:ticket:944` (absolute path)
     30 Changesets :: `r1`, `[1]`, `changeset:1` or (restricted) `[1/trunk]`, `changeset:1/trunk`
     31 Revision log :: `r1:3`, `[1:3]` or `log:@1:3`, `log:trunk@1:3`, `[2:5/trunk]`
     32 Diffs :: `diff:@1:3`, `diff:plugins/0.12/mercurial-plugin@9128:9953`,
     33          `diff:tags/trac-0.9.2/wiki-default//tags/trac-0.9.3/wiki-default`
     34          or `diff:trunk/trac@3538//sandbox/vc-refactoring@3539`
     35 Files :: `source:trunk/COPYING`, `source:/trunk/COPYING@200` (at version 200), `source:/trunk/COPYING@200#L25` (at version 200, line 25)
     36}}}
     37{{{#!td
     38 Wiki pages :: CamelCase or wiki:CamelCase
     39 Parent page :: [..]
     40 Tickets :: #1 or ticket:1
     41 Ticket comments :: comment:1:ticket:2
     42 Reports :: {1} or report:1
     43 Milestones :: milestone:1.0
     44 Attachment :: attachment:example.tgz (for current page attachment), attachment:attachment.1073.diff:ticket:944 (absolute path)
     45 Changesets :: r1, [1], changeset:1 or (restricted) [1/trunk], changeset:1/trunk
     46 Revision log :: r1:3, [1:3] or log:@1:3, log:trunk@1:3, [2:5/trunk]
     47 Diffs :: diff:@1:3, diff:plugins/0.12/mercurial-plugin@9128:9953,
     48          diff:tags/trac-0.9.2/wiki-default//tags/trac-0.9.3/wiki-default
     49          or diff:trunk/trac@3538//sandbox/vc-refactoring@3539
     50 Files :: source:trunk/COPYING, source:/trunk/COPYING@200 (at version 200), source:/trunk/COPYING@200#L25 (at version 200, line 25)
     51}}}
    4752
    4853'''Note:''' The wiki:CamelCase form is rarely used, but it can be convenient to refer to
     
    5156to links to Wiki page names.
    5257
    53 Trac links using the full (non-shorthand) notation can also be given a custom
    54 link title like this:
    55 
    56 {{{
    57 [ticket:1 This is a link to ticket number one].
    58 }}}
    59 
    60 Display: [ticket:1 This is a link to ticket number one].
    61 
    62 If the title is omitted, only the id (the part after the colon) is displayed:
    63 
    64 {{{
    65 [ticket:1]
    66 }}}
    67 
    68 Display: [ticket:1]
    69 
    70 `wiki` is the default if the namespace part of a full link is omitted (''since version 0.10''):
    71 
    72 {{{
    73 [SandBox the sandbox]
    74 }}}
    75 
    76 Display: [SandBox the sandbox]
     58
     59{{{#!table class=""
     60|||| Trac links using the full (non-shorthand) notation can also be given a custom link title like this: ||
     61{{{#!td
     62{{{
     63[ticket:1 This is a link to ticket number one] or
     64[[ticket:1|This is another link to ticket number one]].
     65}}}
     66}}}
     67{{{#!td
     68[ticket:1 This is a link to ticket number one] or
     69[[ticket:1|This is another link to ticket number one]].
     70}}}
     71|--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     72|||| If the title is omitted, only the id (the part after the colon) is displayed:  ||
     73{{{#!td
     74{{{
     75[ticket:1] or [[ticket:2]]
     76}}}
     77}}}
     78{{{#!td
     79[ticket:1] or [[ticket:2]]
     80}}}
     81|--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     82|||| `wiki` is the default if the namespace part of a full link is omitted:  ||
     83{{{#!td
     84{{{
     85[SandBox the sandbox] or
     86[[SandBox|the sandbox]]
     87}}}
     88}}}
     89{{{#!td
     90[SandBox the sandbox] or
     91[[SandBox|the sandbox]]
     92}}}
     93|--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     94|||| The short form ''realm:target'' can also be wrapped within a <...> pair, [[br]] which allow for arbitrary characters (i.e. anything but >)  ||
     95{{{#!td
     96{{{
     97<wiki:Strange(page@!)>
     98}}}
     99}}}
     100{{{#!td
     101<wiki:Strange(page@!)>
     102}}}
     103}}}
    77104
    78105TracLinks are a very simple idea, but actually allow quite a complex network of information. In practice, it's very intuitive and simple to use, and we've found the "link trail" extremely helpful to better understand what's happening in a project or why a particular change was made.
     
    85112To create a link to a specific anchor in a page, use '#':
    86113{{{
    87  [#Relativelinks relative links]
     114 [#Relativelinks relative links] or [[#Relativelinks|relative links]]
    88115}}}
    89116Displays:
    90   [#Relativelinks relative links]
     117  [#Relativelinks relative links] or [[#Relativelinks|relative links]]
    91118
    92119Hint: when you move your mouse over the title of a section, a '¶' character will be displayed. This is a link to that specific section and you can use this to copy the `#...` part inside a relative link to an anchor.
     
    99126To link from a [trac:SubWiki SubWiki] page to a parent, simply use a '..':
    100127{{{
    101   [..]
    102 }}}
    103 
    104 To link from a [trac:SubWiki SubWiki] page to a sibling page, use a '../':
    105 {{{
    106   [../Sibling see next sibling]
    107 }}}
    108 
    109 ''(Changed in 0.11)'' Note that in Trac 0.10, using e.g. `[../newticket]`  may have worked for linking to the /newticket top-level URL, but now in 0.11 it will stay in the wiki namespace and link to a sibling page. See [#Server-relativelinks] for the new syntax.
     128  [..] or [[..]]
     129}}}
     130  [..] or [[..]]
     131
     132To link from a [trac:SubWiki SubWiki] page to a [=#sibling sibling] page, use a '../':
     133{{{
     134  [../Sibling see next sibling] or [[../Sibling|see next sibling]]
     135}}}
     136  [../Sibling see next sibling] or [[../Sibling|see next sibling]]
     137
     138But in practice you often won't need to add the `../` prefix to link to a sibling page.
     139For resolving the location of a wiki link, it's the target page closest in the hierarchy
     140to the page where the link is written which will be selected. So for example, within
     141a sub-hierarchy, a sibling page will be targeted in preference to a toplevel page.
     142This makes it easy to copy or move pages to a sub-hierarchy by [[WikiNewPage#renaming|renaming]] without having to adapt the links.
     143
     144In order to link explicitly to a [=#toplevel toplevel] Wiki page,
     145use the `wiki:/` prefix.
     146Be careful **not** to use the `/` prefix alone, as this corresponds to the
     147[#Server-relativelinks] syntax and with such a link you will lack the `/wiki/`
     148part in the resulting URL.
     149
     150''(Changed in 0.11)'' Note that in Trac 0.10, using e.g. `[../newticket]`  may have worked for linking to the `/newticket` top-level URL, but since 0.11, such a link will stay in the wiki namespace and therefore link to a sibling page.
     151See [#Server-relativelinks] for the new syntax.
    110152
    111153=== InterWiki links ===
     
    117159This can be seen as a kind of InterWiki link specialized for targeting other Trac projects.
    118160
    119 Any type of Trac links could be written in one Trac environment and actually refer to resources present in another Trac environment, provided the Trac link is prefixed by the name of that other Trac environment followed by a colon. That other Trac environment must be registered, under its name or an alias. See InterTrac for details.
    120 
    121 A distinctive advantage of InterTrac links over InterWiki links is that the shorthand form of Trac links usually have a way to understand the InterTrac prefixes. For example, links to Trac tickets can be written #T234 (if T was set as an alias for Trac), links to Trac changesets can be written [trac 1508].
     161Any type of Trac link can be written in one Trac environment and actually refer to resources in another Trac environment. All that is required is to prefix the Trac link with the name of the other Trac environment followed by a colon. The other Trac environment must be registered on the InterTrac page.
     162
     163A distinctive advantage of InterTrac links over InterWiki links is that the shorthand form of Trac links (e.g. `{}`, `r`, `#`) can also be used. For example if T was set as an alias for Trac, links to Trac tickets can be written #T234, links to Trac changesets can be written [trac 1508].
     164See InterTrac for the complete details.
    122165
    123166=== Server-relative links ===
     
    131174
    132175{{{
    133 [/newticket Create a new ticket]
    134 [/ home]
    135 }}}
    136 
    137 Display: [/newticket Create a new ticket] [/ home]
    138 
    139 To link to another location on the server (outside the project), use the '//location' link syntax (''Changed in 0.11''):
    140 
    141 {{{
    142 [//register Register Here]
    143 }}}
    144 
    145 Display: [//register Register Here]
     176[/newticket Create a new ticket] or [[//newticket|Create a new ticket]]
     177[/ home] or [[/|home]]
     178}}}
     179
     180Display: [/newticket Create a new ticket] or [[//newticket|Create a new ticket]]
     181[/ home] or [[/|home]]
     182
     183To link to another location on the server (possibly outside the project but on the same host), use the `//` prefix (''Changed in 0.11''):
     184
     185{{{
     186[//register Register Here] or [[//register|Register Here]]
     187}}}
     188
     189Display: [//register Register Here] or [[//register|Register Here]]
    146190
    147191=== Quoting space in TracLinks ===
     
    155199 * !attachment:"the file.txt:ticket:123"
    156200
     201Note that by using [trac:WikiCreole] style links, it's quite natural to write links containing spaces:
     202 * ![[The whitespace convention]]
     203 * ![[attachment:the file.txt]]
     204
    157205=== Escaping Links ===
    158206
     
    170218=== Parameterized Trac links ===
    171219
    172 The Trac links target Trac resources which have generally more than one way to be rendered, according to some extra parameters. For example, a Wiki page can accept a `version` or a `format` parameter, a report can make use of dynamic variables, etc.
    173 
    174 Any Trac links can support an arbitrary set of parameters, written in the same way as they would be for the corresponding URL. Some examples:
     220Many Trac resources have more than one way to be rendered, depending on some extra parameters. For example, a Wiki page can accept a `version` or a `format` parameter, a report can make use of dynamic variables, etc.
     221
     222Trac links can support an arbitrary set of parameters, written in the same way as they would be for the corresponding URL. Some examples:
    175223 - `wiki:WikiStart?format=txt`
    176224 - `ticket:1?version=1`
    177225 - `[/newticket?component=module1 create a ticket for module1]`
     226 - `[/newticket?summary=Add+short+description+here create a ticket with URL with spaces]`
    178227
    179228
    180229== TracLinks Reference ==
    181 The following sections describe the individual link types in detail, as well as several notes advanced usage of links.
     230The following sections describe the individual link types in detail, as well as notes on advanced usage of links.
    182231
    183232=== attachment: links ===
     
    198247=== comment: links ===
    199248
    200 When you're inside a given tickets, you can simply write e.g. !comment:3 to link to the third change comment.
     249When you're inside a given ticket, you can simply write e.g. !comment:3 to link to the third change comment.
    201250It is possible to link to a comment of a specific ticket from anywhere using one of the following syntax:
    202  - !comment:3:ticket:123
    203  - !ticket:123#comment:3 (note that you can't write !#123#!comment:3!)
     251 - `comment:3:ticket:123`
     252 - `ticket:123#comment:3` (note that you can't write `#123#!comment:3`!)
    204253It is also possible to link to the ticket's description using one of the following syntax:
    205  - !comment:description
    206  - !comment:description:ticket:123
    207  - !ticket:123#comment:description
     254 - `comment:description` (within the ticket)
     255 - `comment:description:ticket:123`
     256 - `ticket:123#comment:description`
     257
     258=== htdocs: links ===
     259
     260Use `htdocs:path/to/file` to reference files in the `htdocs` directory of the Trac environment, the [TracEnvironment#DirectoryStructure web resource directory].
    208261
    209262=== query: links ===
     
    216269
    217270=== ticket: links ===
     271 ''alias:'' `bug:`
    218272
    219273Besides the obvious `ticket:id` form, it is also possible to specify a list of tickets or even a range of tickets instead of the `id`. This generates a link to a custom query view containing this fixed set of tickets.
     
    239293=== wiki: links ===
    240294
    241 See WikiPageNames and [#QuotingspaceinTracLinks quoting space in TracLinks] above.
     295See WikiPageNames and [#QuotingspaceinTracLinks quoting space in TracLinks] above. It is possible to create a link to a specific page revision using the syntax WikiStart@1.
    242296
    243297=== Version Control related links ===
     298
     299It should be noted that multiple repository support works by creating a kind of virtual namespace for versioned files in which the toplevel folders correspond to the repository names. Therefore, in presence of multiple repositories, a ''/path'' specification in the syntax of links detailed below should start with the name of the repository. If omitted, the default repository is used. In case a toplevel folder of the default repository has the same name as a repository, the latter "wins". One can always access such folder by fully qualifying it (the default repository can be an alias of a named repository, or conversely, it is always possible to create an alias for the default repository, ask your Trac administrator).
     300
     301For example, `source:/trunk/COPYING` targets the path `/trunk/COPYING` in the default repository, whereas `source:/projectA/trunk/COPYING` targets the path `/trunk/COPYING` in the repository named `projectA`. This can be the same file if `'projectA'` is an alias to the default repository or if `''` (the default repository) is an alias to `'projectA'`.
     302
    244303==== source: links ====
    245 
    246 The default behavior for a source:/some/path link is to open the directory browser
    247 if the path points to a directory and otherwise open the log view.
     304 ''aliases:'' `browser:`, `repos:`
     305
     306The default behavior for a source:/some/path link is to open the browser in that directory directory
     307if the path points to a directory or to show the latest content of the file.
    248308
    249309It's also possible to link directly to a specific revision of a file like this:
     
    257317Finally, one can also highlight an arbitrary set of lines:
    258318 - `source:/some/file@123:10-20,100,103#L99` - highlight lines 10 to 20, and lines 100 and 103.
    259 ''(since 0.11)''
     319   ''(since 0.11)''
     320
     321Note that in presence of multiple repositories, the name of the repository is simply integrated in the path you specify for `source:` (e.g. `source:reponame/trunk/README`). ''(since 0.12)''
    260322
    261323==== export: links ====
     
    272334==== log: links ====
    273335
    274 The `log:` links are used to display revision ranges. In its simplest form, it can link to the latest revisions from the specified path, but it can also support displaying an arbitrary set of revisions.
     336The `log:` links are used to display revision ranges. In its simplest form, it can link to the latest revisions of the specified path, but it can also support displaying an arbitrary set of revisions.
    275337 - `log:/` - the latest revisions starting at the root of the repository
    276338 - `log:/trunk/tools` - the latest revisions in `trunk/tools`
    277339 - `log:/trunk/tools@10000` - the revisions in `trunk/tools` starting from  revision 10000
    278  - `log:@20788,20791:20795` - list revision 20788 and the 20791 to 20795 revision range
    279  - `log:/trunk/tools@20788,20791:20795` - list revision 20788 and the revisions from the 20791 to 20795 range which affect the given path
     340 - `log:@20788,20791:20795` - list revision 20788 and the revisions from 20791 to 20795
     341 - `log:/trunk/tools@20788,20791:20795` - list revision 20788 and the revisions from 20791 to 20795 which affect the given path
    280342
    281343There are short forms for revision ranges as well:
     
    284346 - `r20791:20795` (but not `r20788,20791:20795` nor `r20791:20795/trunk`)
    285347
    286 Finally, note that in all of the above, a revision range can be written indifferently `x:y` or `x-y`.
     348Finally, note that in all of the above, a revision range can be written either as `x:y` or `x-y`.
     349
     350In the presence of multiple repositories, the name of the repository should be specified as the first part of the path, e.g. `log:repos/branches` or `[20-40/repos]`.
    287351
    288352----